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31 March 2021

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Online rally - marking 150 years since the Paris Commune

Barricades errected by the Commune

Barricades errected by the Commune   (Click to enlarge)

Amnon Cohen, North London Socialist Party

Members of the Committee for a Workers' International (CWI) from five continents took part in an online rally on Sunday 28 March. The event took place to commemorate 150 years since the Paris Commune, the first occasion the working class took power, and to discuss the lessons for today.

The rally was opened by Cécile Rimbaud of Gauche Révolutionnaire - the CWI section in France, who described the events leading up to the working class seizing power in Paris, and the gains during the six weeks of workers' rule. The Commune established universal suffrage, abolished night work and child labour, officials were only paid a workers' wage, and theatres and orchestras performed for free.

She described how the French ruling class helped to drown the revolution in blood, with 30,000 people massacred.

Cécile was followed by Peter Taaffe, member of the International Secretariat of the CWI. He explained how the experience of the Paris Commune led Marx and Engels to draw the conclusion that the capitalist state could not be taken over by the working class, but had to be smashed and replaced by a workers' state.

A workers' state

Peter explained the reason for the defeat of the Commune - the failure of its leadership to act decisively and defeat the forces of reaction. The most important conclusion was the need for a revolutionary party, armed with a strategy to act decisively, and lead the working class to victory.

As always, Peter brought history to life, using these events to illuminate the strategy for events facing us today. He drew out the strategy needed to defeat the military in the revolutionary upheavals in Myanmar where the military has massacred 400 people.

Unfortunately, not all revolutionary movements have learned from history. Steve Hollasky from SOL, the CWI's section in Germany, explained how the failure to learn the lessons of the Commune led to the defeat or the German Revolution after the end of World War One.

Tony Saunois, secretary of the CWI, closed the meeting by explaining how the capitalists will never be prepared to hand over power to the working class. Any hesitation, or attempt to carry through half a revolution, would give the capitalists the chance to seek revenge, as was seen in the brutal crushing of the movements in 1970s Chile, the Spanish Civil War, and Myanmar today.

We need to learn the lessons of the Commune and build the forces of socialism internationally, capable of arming the working class with the ideas and organisation needed to win the coming battles to overthrow capitalism.

The meeting was an inspiring tribute to the anniversary of the Commune, but also helped clarify the task we face in engaging with the intensifying political convulsions in society today. As Steve Hollasky said, "we are all Communards!"

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Related links:

Commune:

triangleThe 'Fall of Paris' 150 years ago

triangleCaerphilly & RCT Socialist Party: Lesson of the |Paris Commune - 150 years on

triangleWaltham Forest Socialist Party: Lessons of the Paris Commune for today

triangle150th anniversary of the Paris Commune

triangleWest London Socialist Party: The Paris Commune

Working class:

triangleBooks that inspired me: The Ragged-Trousered Philanthropists

triangleNorth London Socialist Party: How can a party for the working class be built?

triangleRight-wing Partido Popular wins Madrid elections - a warning to the working class

triangleHartlepool sums up Labour crisis

Workers:

triangleSparks win victory!

triangleRedbridge school walkout over victimised union rep

triangleLeicester University workers strike against redundancies

CWI:

triangleStop war on Gaza demo, London 15.5.21. Socialist Party members were at the many protests across Britain

triangleInspirational International Women's Day online rally

Revolution:

triangle1920s-30s Britain: A working-class movement fighting unemployment and capitalism

Article dated 31 March 2021

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RMT picket at Nottingham station - East Midlands Railway dispute - Sunday 13th June, photo by G Freeman

RMT picket at Nottingham station - East Midlands Railway dispute - Sunday 13th June. Photo G Freeman

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